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Home - News - Essential Functions and Types of Oil Seals in Mechanical Applications

Essential Functions and Types of Oil Seals in Mechanical Applications

June 12, 2023

Oil Seal: An Essential Mechanical Component for Effective Lubrication

Oil seals, as the name suggests, are mechanical components designed to seal lubricating oil (the most common liquid substance in transmission systems, as well as other liquid substances). Their primary function is to isolate the lubricated parts within the transmission system from the external environment, preventing oil leakage. Oil seals come in various forms, with different names, structures, working conditions, and sealing mechanisms. Generally, rotating shaft lip seals are referred to as oil seals, while static seals and seals for reciprocating motion are known as sealing elements.

One representative type of oil seal is the TC (double-lip) oil seal. This type of seal features complete rubber coverage and a self-tightening spring. When people mention oil seals, they usually refer to these TC skeleton oil seals.

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Oil seals can be categorized as single-piece or assembled types. Assembled oil seals consist of a framework and lip material that can be combined freely, catering to special sealing requirements.

Common materials used for oil seals include nitrile rubber, fluororubber, silicone rubber, acrylic rubber, polyurethane, and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE). When selecting oil seal materials, factors such as compatibility with the working medium, suitability for the operating temperature range, and the lip's ability to follow high-speed rotating shafts need to be considered. Generally, the lip temperature of an oil seal is 20-50°C higher than the working medium temperature, requiring careful attention when choosing the seal material.

Oil seals play a vital role in ensuring the normal operation and lifespan of mechanical equipment. They effectively prevent lubricating oil leakage, maintain proper lubrication of the equipment, and safeguard against the entry of external contaminants into mechanical components, thereby enhancing equipment reliability and efficiency.

In conclusion, oil seals are essential mechanical sealing elements used to contain lubricating oil and isolate machinery components from the external environment. By carefully selecting suitable materials and structure types, oil seals can guarantee the smooth operation of machinery and extend its service life.